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Nephrite Pendant set with Emeralds and Rubies
Seventeenth or Eighteenth Centuries
The Victoria & Albert Museum
Made in India in either the Seventeenth or Eighteenth Centuries, this pendant is made of white nephrite jade and is an excellent example of the Indian technique of “kundran” wherein precious stones are set into jade or other precious stones by way of tiny strips of highly refined gold.
The inset stones create a pattern or, sometimes, a scene. This example features rubies and emeralds. Here we see a scene of birds where the feathers are carved into the rubies. The back of the pendant is painted in enamels and depicts a horseman and a lion against a landscape. This landscape scene is unusual in that it is rendered almost like a line drawing, relying on white enamel.